Nanotechnology was developed in 1959 and has taken many industries by storm. It started as a way of manipulating matter at atomic and molecular level. Today it is used in everything from pharmaceuticals to engines. Nanotech is one of the most cutting-edge scientific fields today and it just keeps growing. We have compiled a list of the 5 most innovative advancements.
Nano-carriers in treatment of cancer
Nanoparticles are being used in cancer treatments. These nanoparticles are used in chemotherapy as drug carriers. This helps the treatments focus on targeting and destroying the cancer cells instead of damaging other cells as well. This makes chemotherapy more effective than ever before.
As the population of the world keeps growing, the demand for food is rising continuously. Farmers need to produce healthy crops at a much faster rate to meet the needs. A newer application of nanotech is to look at how it can increase the productivity of crops and livestock to help farmers meet the demand for food. Studies are still ongoing but the potential is huge. Using nanotech will help protect the plants, make them grow faster, and improve the quality of food products.
Nanotech is being applied to improve water purification technology. Many people in the world do not have access to clean water which is one of the most basic needs humans have. The dirty water makes people in areas where there is no purification, very vulnerable to diseases and infections.
Early detection of disease
Another application that is groundbreaking and will have unprecedented effects, is using nanotech to detect diseases early. This means that nanoparticles will be used to send a signal of some sort as soon as, for example, cancer cells are detected. Early detection will save many lives and even help cure diseases that are now incurable.
Nanotechnology is also being applied in improving solar energy. If the nanoparticles can improve light absorption and storage ability, solar power costs will go down and solar energy will be more efficient.
Clearly nanotech has a lot of potential and it is being applied in fields where it will change and improve many people’s lives.